SEO Basics for Beginners

As a beginner content creator, I’m sure you’ve come across this term SEO countless times. So much so that it’s made to appear a prerequisite academic training for aspiring bloggers. No exactly so!

SEO stands for Search Engine Optimization. It is the practice of improving a website’s visibility and ranking in search engines results pages (SERPs). To avoid confusing you with new terms, let me explain;

Search engines are software systems designed to search and retrieve information from the Internet. They are the engines behind the search results we receive back whenever we undertake a search in the Internet. Top search engines include Google, Yahoo, Bing among others.

Example of Search Engine Result Page (SERP)
                              Google’s SERP

What are SERPs? If i do a search on Google, Google will rank all the results relevant to your search term. The results are displayed in form of a top-bottom list of web pages known as Search Engines Results Pages (SERPs). The list presents you with the most relevant results of your search, ranked in order of relevance.

SEO involves various techniques and strategies aimed at increasing organic (non-paid) traffic to a website. Search engines rank content based on an algorithm. The ultimate goal of SEO is to align your content to this algorithm.

Sounds too technical and intimidating, huh?

Fortunately as a beginner content creator, it’s not mandatory to master all the technical aspects of SEO. If you understand how SEO works, you are in a position to create SEO friendly content that ranks better.

Type of Online Search Results Listings

What has SEO got to do with online searches? Whenever you do a search on Google, you will receive two types of listings; sponsored links and organic search listings.

For sponsored links (usually at the top of the search results page), advertisers pays to get listed. This paid-up ads often match customers interests with the appropriate advertising messages. You will often see the word ‘sponsored’ besides the listing.

Organic search however rely on the search engine algorithm for visibility. In other words, SEO he’s you attract free traffic.

SEO therefore determines if your content will be visible or not organically.

SEO Basics for Beginners

To get get started with SEO, you must digest the following key concepts so that you can inchoate them in your content;

SEO functional diagram
SEO Basics
  1. Keyword Research – Use keywords and phrases that your target audience is likely to use when searching for information related to your content. Keyword research tools will help you to find relevant keywords with a good balance of search volume and competition.
  2. On-Page Optimization – Optimize individual pages for specific keywords with relevant, informative, and well-structured content. This includes optimizing meta tags, title tag, headers, URL structure, and content.
  3. Quality Content – Create high-quality, original, and engaging content that provides value to your audience. This not only helps with SEO but also improves the SEO KPIs such as visitors staying longer in your age and  reducing bounce rates.
  4. Link Building – Backlinks are links from other websites pointing to your site and are an important ranking factor for search engines. Focus on acquiring natural and authoritative backlinks through content promotion, guest blogging, influencer outreach, and social media marketing.
  5. Technical SEO – This includes having a well structured website, fast loading speed, mobile-friendliness, secure HTTPS protocol, and proper XML sitemap and robots.txt file setup.
  6. User Experience (UX) – Provide a positive user experience on your website for better user engagement and indirectly impact your SEO.
  7. Local SEO – If you have a local business, optimize your website for local searches. Include your business name, address, and phone number on your website etc
  8. Monitoring and Analysis – Monitor your website’s performance regularly using analytics tools like Google Analytics. analyze your SEO efforts, track keyword rankings, traffic sources, visitors’ behaviours, and conversions. This will help you identify areas for improvement and adjust your strategies accordingly.

Why Do Online Businesses Require SEO? 

As of January 2021, there were over 4.66 billion active Internet users, close to 60% of the global population ( Obviously, such a huge number of potential customers presents a stiff competition. The big question is; how do i stay ahead of the competition by being the most appealing to these visitors?

The website that draws the most traffic stands the better chance of transforming the traffic into business. SEO underlying focus is to drive organic traffic to your website.

Your website will only become a trusted and preferred information source, if visitors consistently find answers to their problems. SEO ensures that your website contains not only relevant but high-intent content for organic visibility.  This will in turn lead to traffic, leads, sales and ultimately profit for your business.

The use of search engines to build and sustain brand is the backbone of Search Engines Marketing (SEM). Application of SEO enables online businesses to monetize the value of the search process. The better optimized a page is (using SEO), the higher a ranking it will achieve in search engine result listings.

What are the Advantages of SEO to Businesses?

SEO helps businesses in a myriad of ways including;

  1. Enhance Organic Search Results Listing – SEO is a customer-centric and targeted process outside the paid-up advertising. As a result, a website stands to gain immensely from organic discovery and visibility from matched intentions and interests of the customer. An effective SEO strategy will greatly help in delivering relevant web pages to relevant audience through pertinent search queries
  2. Increased Web Traffic- SEO ensures your website is offering what visitors are looking for by enabling organic visibility. It drives high-quality traffic to your website with minimum effort of enticing the visitors.
  3. Good ROI (Return on Investment)- The end result of any marketing effort is revenue generation. Google’s organic rankings for example, are based entirely on what its algorithm determines to be the best results for any given query. This means that once you’ve created a page that the search engine deems worthy of directing their users to, it can continue to attract traffic to your site for months (or even years) after you publish it.
  4. SEO is long-term Marketing Strategy- Although the impact of SEO in business usually immediate, over time this will be compounded stretching long after initial efforts.

    SEO Advantages: Credibility & Trust
                  SEO Advantages: Credibility & Trust
  5. Brand Credibility and Trust- Google for example will rank web pages based on created content, website speed, and mobile usability. While most online visitors will not take into account such factors, they trust search engines such as Google for relevant and valuable content. A highly ranked search result implicitly translates into persistent patronage by visitors.

Search Engines Ranking & SEO

Understanding how search engine works is an integral part of SEO. Better understanding will lead to better SEO strategies.

SEO: Popular Search Engines
SEO: Popular Search Engines

It is also important to understand how search engines work so that you are to focus on value addition areas.  Search engines can be compared to digital libraries. In place of volumes of books, journals and other reference materials, the search engines have index for billions of web pages. Upon typing a search phrase in a search engine, it looks through all the pages in its database and tries to return the most relevant results.

While different search engines may use different techniques in their functioning, the underlying principles is hinged on the following;

  1. Crawling – use of small programs called web crawlers use links of known websites to discover new websites, scan the new websites and pass its content for indexing.
  2. Indexing – authenticate and store the website contents into the search engine libraries (database)
  3. Ranking – scoring the index content based on set parameters.

To accomplish this, the search engine use an algorithm, a computer code that rank web pages based on predefined criteria. It’s this code that SEO always attempt to align your content with. for example has this to say about its search algorithms;

SEO: Google Search Engine Algorithm
         SEO: Google Search Engine Algorithm

7 Ways to Improve Content for SEO Ranking

Its not in contention that SEO drives online business. If you focus on high-quality content, you can optimize your webpages to turn up higher in search engine results. After all, majority of visitors to your website tend to only look at the first few lines of the SERP. You cannot therefore avoid SEO in your online marketing strategies.

The big question then is how to improve your SEO especially from nontechnical perspective. Here are some tips on improving your SEO efforts.

Keywords Research

The pivotal role of Keyword Research in SEO strategy cannot be understated. You must ensure that your content is created using both primary and secondary keywords. While the focus should be on primary keywords especially for landing pages, the secondary keywords play a big role in providing more details that are not contained in the primary keywords.

How do you perfect the use of keywords? Use keyword research Tools such as Jaaxy Keyword  Research Tool. You will be able to generate different combinations of keywords before subjecting them to competition.


The structure of your URLs can improve SEO rankings particularly the on-page SEO. A good URL be short and descriptive. You can improve the value of your URLs by;

  1. Use of keywords – Your URL should include one or more of target keywords.
  2. Easy to understand – It serves as a guide to readers to know what the webpage is about.
  3. Be concise – Majority of search engines don’t process too long longer URLs.


Backlinking is when other websites link to your webpages as a source of information. The message relayed by backlinks is that your website is an authority on a particular topic thereby enhancing your ranking. Backlinks are a critical ranking factor and therefore you should strive to receive them from authoritative sources.

Some of the methods to build links to your website include;

  1. Become a guest writer for other websites especially in your niche.
  2. Contributing in professional associations in your niche.

Featured Snippets

Featured Snippet example
Featured Snippets

Featured Snippets are short snippets of text that appear at the top of Google’s search results in order to quickly answer a searcher’s query. You should therefore strive at all costs to rank in featured snippets. As a result, Google’s Featured Snippets is a extremely lucrative spot that all online marketers fight to occupy when it comes to SERPs.

Featured Snippets impact SEO in at least two broad ways;

  1. It is an opportunity to get more clicks from the organic search results, without higher Google rankings.
  2. Featured Snippets increase the number of no-click searches (when a searcher doesn’t click on any of the search results). This is so because the Featured Snippet often gives someone the answer they’re looking for.

Content Format

You content must be aligned to the search engines algorithm at all times. It’s the only way to gain favor with search engines. Write a clear, factual and properly structured content so that it can be SEO-friendly.

Page Titles and Meta Descriptions

Besides the keywords, page titles and meta descriptions impact greatly the value of the content you write. Always have it in your mind that these two aspects of your content matter in search results. A Google user might decide whether to click on your page based only on these short sections.

Word Count

It is important that the search engines fully understand the content you present for ranking. Ensure therefore you write reasonable content that is comprehensive enough for the searchers and also for the search engine to fully understands it. Too short articles may be ranked lower by Google.

Original Content

One of the parameter search engines use is originality of the content. Plagiarized content not only denies you good ranking but also lowers your authority in that topic. Original content is a gem in Google ranking.

SEO: Plagiarism
SEO: Plagiarism


SEO target is to demonstrate to search engines that your content is the best result for the search at hand. Its also responsible for driving traffic to websites and therefore the foundation of monetizing websites or blogs.

Since the bulk of online  searches happen on the Google search engine, it is imperative that every SEO effort understands and cater for Google’s algorithm. If you want more video views for example, then you have to target the YouTube’s algorithm.

Remember, SEO is an ongoing process, and it takes time to see results. It’s essential to stay up-to-date with industry trends and search engine algorithm updates to adapt your SEO strategies accordingly.


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